Weekly Photo Challenge: Hidden

The Fossil Grove, situated in Victoria Park, Glasgow contains tree stumps that are the remains of an ancient forest, from around 330 million years old.  Fossil Grove is one of the most famous in-situ Carboniferous forest examples in the world.

The fossilised tree stumps were discovered in 1887 when an old quarry was being landscaped as part of the work during the creation of the park, and the fossil trees were uncovered by removal of the surrounding rocks.  Careful excavation of the site uncovered the fossil remains, and a building was erected to protect them from the elements. Today at the Fossil Grove, you will see a small corner of a vast ancient forest, preserved in stone.

The most obvious feature of the site is the 11 fossil tree stumps, some of them up to 90 centimetres high. They are preserved in the position in which they once grew. A fallen trunk, about eight metres long, and other smaller fragments of branch and root, have also survived. They are the fossil remains of an extinct type of plant known as a giant clubmoss (Lepidodendron).

When these trees were alive, Glasgow’s climate was hot, damp and steamy. The trees grew in a tropical swamp similar to today’s Florida Everglades. After the clubmoss trees died, their interiors rotted, leaving them hollow.  Gradually sand and mud carried by huge rivers buried the tree stumps and the sediment around then completely enclosed them, eventually turning into sandstone.  Millions of years later, molten lava from volcanoes was forced between these sandstone layers.  The lava cooled and formed whinstone, and this hard rock layer protected the fossil trees from erosion.

Scottish Natural Heritage has designated the grove a site of Special Scientific Interest, and it is also designated as a Regionally Important Geological / Geomorphological Site.

In addition to the importance of the fossilised stumps, the building itself is important because not only is the Fossil grove one of the world’s oldest examples of conservation of a geological site, it was the first to be preserved by a building. A viewing balcony overlooks the fossils, and small displays provide information and interpret the site for visitors.

47 thoughts on “Weekly Photo Challenge: Hidden

    1. Brenda, thank you for your comment. When I was a kid I used to live about 5 minutes walk away from the Fossil Grove which is in a public park. I used to love visiting there as it just fascinated me.


  1. Mike, good to see you back – did miss you last week! Amazing to think this fossil grove exists in lovely Glasgow but how exciting and fabulous to know this ancient history still exists within our midsts.


    1. Thanks Patti. It’s been a busy two weeks. First of all I had the photo get together, which I had organised, on Anglesey and then Caernarfon. in North Wales. I took over 400 hundred photographs which had to be catalogued and rated (my own personal choice) and then the best ones chosen for the blog. Then it was back to the beta testing of some photography software and finally decorating which I’ve only just finished. In the meantime I also bought myself a new camera, just a pocket one that I can use for urban shooting, the DSLR attracts too much unwanted attention these days…..


  2. Absolutely amazing. I would love to see it in person. I like the black & white photo too.


    1. If you ever decide to visit Scotland from the US of A and had time to see these wonderful trees, check the opening times. Used to be they were open from dawn to dusk almost every day of the year. Now you are only able to visit them during the summer months


  3. Fascinating post – I thoroughly enjoyed reading it. 🙂 Nice shot of the fossils in (I suspect) not ideal photographic circumstances too!


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